Sunday, December 30, 2012

Karna VS Arjun


It is certainly not the Salman – SRK starrer Karan Arjun that I am referring to. I am referring to the two sons of the Rakhi Gulzar of Mahabharat, Kunti; one who was born before her marriage to Pandu and one who was born after. The reason I have picked this topic for my writing is that every time one reads a different version of this epic, one’s opinion of the character and military prowess of the two brothers gets dented and painted (no offence to Abhijit Mukherjee). The reader gets emotionally attached to either of the two characters and insists on defending his / her favourite. However, like the countless other questions it raises, the Mahabaharata does not clearly answer even this, that who out of these two archer sons of Kunti was a better warrior. However, in the end Arjun does kill Karna. But does this make him a superior warrior? Let’s try to figure this out.

Background:

One should always be aware of the pros and cons of the boons and also trust the god (devata) or God (one of the three manifestations of the Almighty; Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) from whom he/she receives them. If the receiver doesn’t, the unexpected happens. This “unexpected” in Kunti’s case was a son born with celestial armor and earrings. As a result of extraordinary hospitality she had offered to him, Kunti had received a boon from Rishi Durvasa that enabled her to conceive a child (some versions say “a son”) from any god she summoned. I am sure Indra would have been elated at this gracious boon of Durvasa and would have started waiting for his turn. Anyways, a teen aged and unmarried Kunti, out of curiosity, summoned the Sun-god and after a series of censored events conceived a child. Though being a Kshatrani (woman of a Kshatriya caste), she wasn't probably as audacious as Preity Zinta of Kya Kehna and so abandoned the child in a wooden box in river Ganga. This box was discovered by the charioteer of the Hastinapur King Dhritarashtra, Adiratha, who raised this new born as his own son. This child grew up to be known as a master-archer called Karna.

After her marriage to Pandu, Kunti did not get many opportunities to conceive a child from her husband for different reasons stated. Some state that he was busy in wars and conquering kingdoms (D’oh), others state that he was sterile; some say that he abstained from touching Kunti fearing the curse of Rishi Kindam. (Rishi Kindam had cursed the already sterile and unfortunate Pandu that his moment of intimacy with his wife will be his moment of death as Pandu had hunted down Rishi Kindam and his wife while they were getting intimate in cervine form in a forest). So after years of celibacy on realizing that he might die childless, Pandu shared his concern with Kunti. Knowing her husband’s limitations (pre and post curse), Kunti suggested of conceiving sons through Durvasa’s boon. So began the process of summoning the gods one by one. Long story short, Indra finally got lucky and eventually Kunti and Pandu got a son named Arjun (third in line, after Yudhishthir from Dharma-god and Bheem from Wind-god).

Analyzing Karna and Arjun on the basis of skills of a warrior.

Training: (Karna = Arjuna)

Though raised by a charioteer, Karna always had this inexplicable urge to learn archery. Driven by his love for his son, his father, Adirath (Dhritrashtra’s charioteer) took him to Dronacharya and requested him to take Karna as disciple. However, Dronacharya did not accept Karna on the grounds that the school was meant only for Kshatriyas or royals and Karna was neither. Karna was thus denied mentor ship of an invincible fine teacher but only to receive it from some one much greater; sage Parshuram, the sixth avatar of Vishnu himself and also the teacher of Dronacharya himself. The epic states that Karna became Parshuram’s favourite student perfect in all martial arts and celestial weapons.

Note: Parshuram had agreed to train Karna only because he was made to believe Karna is a Brahmin (Parshuram is believed not to have mentored any Kshatriya, except for Bheeshm, because of his disliking for the ostentatious Kshatriya valour that went against humanity time and again). Later, when Parshuram devised that Karna’s veins overflow with strength of Kshatriya blood, he felt deceived and thus cursed Karna to forget his most important teaching (the use of Brahmastra – the weapon of Brahma) on the day he would require it the most.

Arjun, however, managed to get the training of Dronacharya much easily as he was recognized as a Kshatriya from the very beginning and his teacher could, thus, accept him as a student. Arjun’s dedication towards learning archery impressed Dronacharya greatly and he vowed to make Arjun the best archer on earth. Arjun learnt the skill of shooting at night (hence came to be known as Gurakesh), using the bow with both hands and conquering his sleep(...boy!). Pleased with his unconditional dedication for his teacher, Dronacharya also blessed Arjun with the mantra for the Brahmastra.

  • Teachers: Equal
  • Shooting skill: Both never missed a target, hence, equal.
  • Celestial weapons: Equally matched
Note: Karna would forget the use of Brahmastra when he would require it the most as a result of Parshuram's curse. However, this does not make Arjun any better as the Brahmastra will not be used eventually between the two warriors.

Valour: (Karna = Arjun)

In this context, neither could beat the other one clearly. Both Karna and Arjun had displayed their valour and fearlessness at many instances. If Arjun had saved his teacher from a crocodile as a child, slain numerous demons in the forest and won many provinces, Karna too had displayed his valour and had proved his mettle during his Vijay-yatra.

Draupadi’s Swayamvar: (Karna < Arjuna)

There is no doubt in the fact that Karna was equally capable of piercing the fish’s eye like Arjun. Draupadi, however, did not allow Karna to contest for her hand. Some say it was on Krishna’s advice, some say she did not want to marry a charioteer’s son. Whatever may be the grounds, she did make the statement, “My varmala will not embellish the chest of a charioteer’s son.” So, Arjun got a chance and won Draupadi for marriage, only to share her later with her four brothers.

However, after this when the kings had decided on abducting Draupadi to throw her in a pyre and avenge their (so called) insult, there followed a brief conflict between Karna and Arjun where Arjun did beat Karna.

Note: This conflict does not have much relevance in terms of the military prowess as Arjuna was disguised as a Brahmin and Karna withdrew out of surprise.

Possessions: (Karna = Arjun)

Karna was blessed with the following possessions based on his birth and Karma:
  • Celestial Armor and Earrings – They had the capability of resisting attack of any celestial weapon.
  • Shiva’s bow (received from Parshuram) – An unbreakable bow with multiple strings from which hundreds of arrows could be shot in one go.


 Arjun was blessed with the following possessions:
  • The bow “Gandiva”: Arjun received this bow from the Fire-god and it equaled Shiva’s bow in strength and capacity.
  • Divine Chariot: Th Fire-god blessed Arjun with a divine chariot as well that could run faster than any other chariot and could be summoned by chanting a mantra.
  • Celestial weapons: On his visit to Swarga, Arjun received many celestial weapons from his father, Indra.
Both Karna and Arjun possessed bows with equivalent capabilities. However, when one states incidents where Arjun beats Karna, like in the Virat war, one should keep in mind that Karna never carried Shiva’s bow (until the final day) and combated Arjun with an ordinary bow every time. Reason: unknown.

If Arjun received celestial weapons from his father, Indra, then Karna received celestial armor and earrings from Surya. These could resist all celestial weapons that Arjun possessed, making the both equal.

Arjun does possess a divine chariot that Karna doesn’t but since during a combat the chariots are supposed to be stationary and do not create any difference to the performance otherwise, Karna and Arjun are again equals in this context.

Note: Karna’s celestial armour and earrings were taken away by Indra when he came to Karna disguised as a priest. The generous Karna did not turn him away, in spite of knowing the repercussions of his generosity. However, Indra gifted him his “Shakti” that Karna would be able to use in war, but only once. 

The Final Day of War:

As of now, Karna and Arjun are equally matched with an exception of Brahmastra (that Arjun had but Karna did not). What then creates the difference that ultimately leads to Arjun's triumph and Karna's death? What are the reasons that Karna’s situation is so pathetically hopeless when compared to Arjun’s on the day of their final combat?

Krishna’s revealing of truth followed by Kunti’s emotional drama:

The master strategist of the Pandavs, in hope of averting the war, disclosed to Karna the secret of his birth and tried to bribe him with five brothers, Indraprastha and Draupadi. While Karna rejected Krishna’s proposal staying faithful to Duryodhan, he was much deeply struck by the fact that in the war he will have to fight his younger brothers and was hence rendered emotionally handicapped. He still requested Krishna to keep this a secret so that Pandavs would not be affected by this information while they fight. Later, Kunti met Karna and after a whole lot of emotional drama requested him to spare the lives of her sons. A grief-stricken Karna was highly disturbed on discovering that even at the eleventh hour his mother thought of well being of Pandavs but did not display a zilch of affection for him. He still promised Kunti that she will forever be known as mother of five sons. He will not harm the sons of Kunti, except for Arjun. 

Hence, on the day of final combat Karna was under a huge emotional pressure of killing his own younger brother and keeping the promise to his friend at the same time. Arjun, however, had no such pressure but was rather equipped with the strength of his hatred towards the son of the charioteer who had horrifyingly insulted his wife, Draupadi, in the court and had hacked his son, Abhimanyu, to death, unfairly, in the battlefield.

Note: Arjun was not in the best state of mind either as he had slayed down Bheeshm and had witnessed the unjust and brutal killing of his beloved teacher followed by the news of his sixteen year old son being hacked by the elite Kaurav warriors. But on the day of his combat with Karna, he was comparatively in a better state as he had risen above that grief for that moment. Krishna, in fact, had to remind him of these instances to goad him to shoot a disarmed Karna.

Shalya’s revenge:

Since Shalya had been duped into fighting for the Kaurav side, the Kshatriya code of conduct expected him to fight for Kauravs but his enmity for them made his heart side with the Pandavs. When Karna requested Shalya to become his charioteer, trying to honour him by comparing his charioteer skills with Krishna, Shalya took it as insult to his status as a king and a warrior. Shalya thus made a point that during the war he will bog down Karna by infesting him with fear for his opponent Arjun and his charioteer Krishna.

During the war, he constantly praised Arjun and Krishna while demeaning Karna and making him realize his lower status in the society and his limitations as a warrior. Karna was thus stripped of the most important armor of a warrior, confidence, while he was facing his younger brother on the day of final combat. Arjun, on the other hand, was under the divine protection of Krishna who bolstered his confidence every time he became apprehensive or was awed by Karna's extraordinary skills.

The effect of Curses:

Karna was burdened with two curses on the day of final combat. One, by Parshuram, would make him forget the mantra to be chanted to call the Brahmastra and the other one by a sage would push his chariot down into the earth at the most crucial moment of the war. Both these curses took effect on the final day and Karna could escape neither. When he requested Shalya to push the chariot out, he refused saying that it was below his dignity as a king. When he tried to summon the Brahmastra, he failed. Karna, thus, had to descend from his chariot to pull it out.

In spite of all these strengths and weaknesses of the two, the combat was equally matched. Still, when Karna was alighting from his chariot he had this hope that Arjun would resist from shooting till the time he is back on chariot as this was a code of war. He pleaded Arjun to stop his arrows until he pulled out the wheel. Krishna, however, did not want Arjun to wait. He goaded the reluctant Arjun to shoot at Karna while he was busy pulling out the chariot wheel. 

This makes one wonder: Why? Why did Krishna goad Arjun to kill a disarmed Karna? Did he fear that once Karna would return to his chariot it will take Arjun monumental effort to beat him? Maybe, Arjun would not be able to beat Karna at all. Maybe, he wanted Karna to realize that people who break the code of war (like Karna did in case of Abhimanyu), deserve to die by the same means. Maybe, he considered the wheel in Karna’s hand a logical equivalent to a weapon as Abhimanyu, in his dying moments, had fought with a wheel. Maybe, he wanted Karna to receive a death of honour, the honour that he had been deprived of throughout his life. (A warrior like Arjun, having to kill Karna when unarmed made Karna receive a warrior status almost equal to the mighty Bheeshm.) Maybe, he did not want to answer this question explicitly that who was a better warrior out of the two great sons of Kunti. Maybe, he just wanted us to ponder upon their situations and understand their contexts.

18 comments:

  1. Dear Kushal
    You have a wonderful blog. I have read the Mahabharata and there are few things I would like to add to the comparison.

    Arjuna was indeed greater in prowess than Karna in my opinion.

    When Drona asks his students to defeat Drupada (for his GuruDakshina), Kauravas along with Karna fight Drupada and run away from the battle defeated by Paanchaala army; whereas Arjuna wins the battle and captures Drupada with his sword and submits him to Drupada

    While Pandavas were in Vanavasa, Kauravas along with Karna fight with Chitrasena, the king of Gandharvas and lose, Karna runs away as he captures Duryodhana. Yudhishthira asks Arjuna and Bheema to fight the Gandharvas, Arjuns brings Durodhana by defeating the Gandharvas.

    Drona, Bhishma, Kripa, Karna, Ashvathama and all other kauravas fought with Arjuna when he was in exile as Brihannala. They all fought together when they knew they couldn't defeat him, He defeated all of them alone.

    Arjuna had many powerful astras (i.e weapons that are operated with mind) that Karna did not have, ex: pashupatastra (even Bhishma, Drona did not have it), Vaaruna, Vajrayudha and few more given to him by demi fods.

    Arjuna was sage Nara in his previous lives, he knew both his past and future (though not all of it).

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    Replies
    1. Thanks Lokesh!

      The point always stays that Vyas has not done any comparative analysis of the prowess of either Karna or Arjuna. It is a complex if-and-but situation. If Karna's armour would not have been taken away by Indra, he would have won. If Karna's Shakti had not been used on Ghatotkach, he would have won. If Karna would have used his vijaydhanush of Parshuram in all his earlier fights he would have won. But nothing of this sort happened. And history has it that Karna finally lost to Arjuna, whatever the reason may be. But again, history has always been biased towards to victors. Hence, I feel it is more important to ponder over the purpose of the comparison rather than digging into it. :)

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    2. Dear Lokesh,
      1. Some stories say Karna was not present in the Drupada war since Karna met with Duryodhana after they "graduated" . Some stores say, they did meet and Karna was part of the Drupada war but lost his charioteer which took him away from the battle field

      2. Viraat war : Arjuna was freshly equipped with divine weapons which put everyone to sleep...no one knew the response to that weapon at that time and were surprised with the demo

      3. Fight with Chitrasena: Karna was intoxicated under the influence of wine which could not allow him to stand and fight...he went to get sober so that he could fight back before which Arjuna and Bhima had already defeated the army...

      4. Arjuna was protected in several ways :
      a.) Vasusena the Naaga king was on Karna's arrow which Krishna skillfully dodged by pushing the chariot down
      b.) Karna disarmed Arjuna several times during their final war but Krishna skillfully dodged the chariot to save him
      c.) Karna's weapons would have destroyed Arjuna's chariot ,if Hanuman was not present on the chariot top keeping the integrity of it....
      d.) Despite Hanuman and Krishna sitting on the chariot , Karna was able to push the chariot back with his arrows a few yards which demonstrates his skills.

      The war would have been won by Kauravas if Karna did not lose his armour , not been cursed twice and not promised to kill only one pandava and not the rest....

      But then again, that is the rule of nature, no matter how strong your opponent is, if you are righteous , Krishna ( Dharma, truth ) would be on your side which would ensure your victory....

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  3. nice comparison and good analysis and not one sided

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  4. For all karna's Fans:

    (SOURCE-TRANSLATION OF ORIGINAL MAHABHARAT OF VYAS BY KESARI MOHAN GANGULY
    & WHICH IS THE ONLY PRECISE TRANSLATION AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC DOMAIN):



    Incident 1:Karna fled rom battlefield from Arjuna(Virata Yudh):

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m04/m04060.htm




    Incident 2:Karna defeated by Gandharwa chitrasena:

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03239.htm

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03240.htm




    Incident 3:Arjuna defeat Ghandarwas & rescued Duryodhan & kurus:

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03243.htm

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03244.htm



    Incident 4:Karna defeated & freightened by Abhimanyu in chakruvyuhu:

    Hearing these words, Karna, afflicted with the shafts of Arjuna's son, once more said unto Drona, 'Exceedingly afflicted with the shafts of Abhimanyu, I am staying in battle, only because (as a warrior) I should stay here. Indeed, the arrows of this south of great energy are exceedingly fierce. Terrible as they are and possessed of the energy of fire, these arrows are weakening my heart.'

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m07/m07045.htm




    What Karna's own friend Ashwathama & kripacharya think of karna:

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m04/m04049.htm

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m04/m04050.htm




    what Lord Krishna think of karna's bravery:

    Krishna said(To Arjuna):.I swear by Truth to thee, O friend, that my limbs are burning at the thought that while the son of Subhadra was thus advancing, consuming the hostile army with his shafts, even on that occasion the wicked-souled Karna was engaged in acts of hostility to that hero,Unable, O Partha, to stay in that battle before Abhimanyu's face, mangled with the shafts of Subhadra's son, deprived of consciousness, and bathed in blood, Karna drew deep breaths, inflamed with rage. At last, afflicted with arrows, he was obliged to turn his back upon the field.

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08073.htm



    & Finally karna himself accepting Arjuna's supeority:

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08079.htm




    FINAL KARNA ARJUNA BATTLE(DAY 17 OF MAHABHARATA):


    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08089.htm

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08090.htm

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08091.htm

    ACCORDING TO MY ANALYSIS OF THIS TRANSLATION IN THE FINAL BATTLE OF MAHABHARATA,ARJUNA & KARNA ASSAULTED EACH OTHER 35 TIMES WITH NUMEROUS, THOUSANDS & LAKHS OF ARROWS ………8 TIMES THEY NULLIFIED EACH OTHER ARROWS ,12 TIMES BOTH KARNA & ARJUNA PIERCED EACH OTHER BUT THE REMAINING 15 TIMES ARJUNA PIERCED KARNA IN EVERY PART OF HIS BODY & KARNA’S LIMBS,YOKE,STANDARD,STEEDS,CHARIOT WERE RIPPED APART & KARNA WAS LEFT MANGLED BATHED IN BLOOD & KARNA HAD NO ANSWER FOR ARJUNA’S ARROWS!!!



    Authenciaty of vyas original mahabharat by km ganguly:

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/maha/

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kisari_Mohan_Ganguli

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  5. Karna may even be more powerful than Arjuna, but he didn't follow Dharma and was on the wrong side of the battle to support Dhuryodana. So, he lost.

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  6. There are two times in the Mahabharat where a claim is made about the prowess of these two archers that is significant because of the weight of the people making the claim. First right after Parashuram curses Karna, he also categorically tells him that "No Kshatriya will be your equal". Since Arjun is a Kshatriya and Parashuram is considered an avatar of Vishnu, that is a pretty significant statement.

    Second claim is right before the climatic confrontation between the two, when Krishna is giving a pep talk to Arjun. There Krishna openly acknowledges that he considers Karna to be Arjun's equal, maybe even better.

    So you have two times in the text when Avatars of Vishnu answer this question. Who is better?

    So what explains, the first Drupad rout, the Gandharva defeat, the Virat defeat etc?. The Virat defeat is easy to explain. Karna had already been deprived of his Kavach and Kundal before the Virat war. So his protection had been taken away. The text as it survives today makes the timeline of when his Kavach and Kundal were deprived very clear. It was before the Virat war.

    The Drupad rout cannot be pinned only on Karna. The whole thing was planned poorly and the Pandavas wisely let the Kauravas tire Drupad out, and then attacked once the Kauravas had fought and weakened him. When Karna gets a chance to fight Drupad later on one on one, he defeats him soundly during his campaign.

    The Gandharva episode: Remember that Chitrasena was a friend of the Pandavas. So even though he fought Arjun, he was fighting a friend. Plus, The Gandharvas fought not just Arjun but the rest of the Pandavas, whereas Karna alone had to withstand their assault alone, because the others fled. So this is really not an apples to apples comparison.

    There is also one simple explanation for all the defeats. The book has many contradictions and this is one of them. It is also clear that the original small story has been hopelessly tampered by many authors who have written their biases into these stories.

    So we will never really know what the original story contained. It probably contained very little actual detail, but these little incidents were written into the texts by various authors who liked one character or the other.

    So there is enough in the text for both sides to claim that the other is better :-)

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    Replies
    1. How Parashuram came to know about Arjuna that he told Karna that no Kshatriya is equl to him!!!??The same Vishnu Avatar Parashuram can't recognise Karna was a Suta or Brahmin or Kshatriya.
      In the Virat war: Kavach Kundala is not at all a measure for his mastery of archery.If the same kavach and Kundala will be given to both.
      I don't think Karna may be equl to Arjuna but no way he is better than him.

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    2. karna is better than arjuna is all field.You are saying if Arjuna has given kavach kundal think that if Karna had provided all that devine weapons that Arjuna have and if Lord Krishna is the sarathi of Karna and if Lord Hanuman is protecting the Karna chariot.If these things had happened then Arjuna had died already, before he could face Karna in battel field.
      Karna is far better than Arjuna.

      Delete
  7. TO FIND OUT WHO IS THE GREATEST WARRIOR KARNA OR ARJUNA FROM ORIGINAL VYAS'S MB,VISIT:

    https://www.facebook.com/karnavsarjuna

    ReplyDelete
  8. FOR ALL THOSE WHO CALL ARJUNA INFERIOR TO KARNA,VISIT THIS LINK & FIND OUT THE TRUTH YOURSELF FROM ORIGINAL VEDA VYAS' MAHABHARATA TRANSLATION:

    https://www.facebook.com/karnavsarjuna

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  9. All Arjuna fans.... Drupad war_____karna is least bother of gurudhaksana since he is known as suta and no Hindu prona has ever said that sutas are taught the education and warfares. Karna has no oblige to drona to give gurudaksan and drona is not his master. Hence he has not participate in drupad war

    ReplyDelete
  10. All Arjuna fans.... Drupad war_____karna is least bother of gurudhaksana since he is known as suta and no Hindu prona has ever said that sutas are taught the education and warfares. Karna has no oblige to drona to give gurudaksan and drona is not his master. Hence he has not participate in drupad war

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  11. Karna Arjuna Battle Starts Now :-----

    PART - 1

    Beholding that shaft aimed by the Suta's son, O sire, the Pandavas, with cheerless hearts, gave themselves up to great sorrow. That shaft of keen point and endued with the effulgence of Sakra's thunder, sped from Karna's arms, fell upon Dhananjaya's ‪‎chest‬ and penetrated it like a mighty snake penetrating an ant-hill. That grinder of foes, viz., the high-souled Vibhatsu, thus deeply pierced in that encounter, began to ‪reel‬. His grasp became ‪‎loosened, at which his bow Gandiva dropped from his hand. He ‪‎trembled like the prince of mountains in an ‪earthquake. Availing himself of that opportunity, the mighty car-warrior Vrisha, desirous of extricating his car-wheel that had been swallowed up by the earth, jumped down from his vehicle.

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08091.htm

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  12. Here, FINALLY LORD KRISHNA HIMSELF ACCEPTED SUPERITY OF KARNA OVER ARJUNA. Krishna said to Arjuna, Karna is giving better archery performance than him.
    Karna >>>> Arjuna

    PART - 17

    Meanwhile the diadem-decked and high-souled Arjuna, recovering his senses, took up a shaft, fatal as the rod of Death, and called anjalika.

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m08/m08091.htm

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  13. PART-18[Krishna's words after Pandavas won the battle]
    Hearing (invisible beings cry out) that Bhishma and Drona and Karna and Bhurishrava were slain unrighteously, they became afflicted with grief and wept in sorrow. Beholding the Pandavas filled with anxiety and grief, Krishna addressed them in a voice deep as that of the clouds or the drum, saying, "All of them were great car-warriors and exceedingly quick in the use of weapons! If ye had put forth all your prowess, even then ye could never have slain them in battle by fighting fairly! King Duryodhana also could never be slain in a fair encounter! The same is the case with all those mighty car-warriors headed by Bhishma! From desire of doing good to you, I repeatedly applied my powers of illusion and caused them to be slain by diverse means in battle. If I had not adopted such deceitful ways in battle, victory would never have been yours, nor kingdom, nor wealth! Those four ( Bhisma, Karna, Drona, Bhurisarvas) were very high-souled warriors and regarded as Atirathas in the world

    http://sacred-texts.com/hin/m09/m09061.htm

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  14. Here, See Lord Krishna said that through deceits you all 5 brothers have survived in war .He further said he used his divine illusionary powers against drona bhishma and karna so as to make sure they get slain otherwise it was impossible for all of you to defeat those atirathas in a fair battle .

    》》FINAL ANALYSIS OF FINAL ENCOUNTER《《

    1) IN FINAL ENCOUNTER, ARJUNA OVERPOWERED KARNA ONLY ON 2 OCCASIONS & KARNA OVERPOWERED ARJUNA TOTAL 9 TIMES.

    2) ARJUNA SUCCEED TO INJURE KARNA ONLY AFTER KARNA FORGOT THE KNOWLEDGE OF DIVINE WEAPONS & THE WHEELS OF HIS CHARIOT SUNK INTO THE GROUND. KARNA'S CHARIOT HAD SUNK IN THE GROUND, SO THAT THERE WAS TOO MUCH DIFFICULTY FOR KARNA WHILE STANDING ON THE CHARIOT BECAUSE IT WAS VERY DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN BALANCE.

    3) KARNA OVERPOWERED ARJUNA TOTAL 9 TIMES. BEFORE THE EFFECT OF THE CURSES HE CLEARLY GOT THE UPPER HAND TILL THE END OF THE BATTLE.

    4) IN LAST MOMENT, WHEN KARNA WAS ENGAGED IN LIFTING WHEEL OF HIS CHARIOT, ARJUNA WAS 'UNCONSCIOUS" . " TREMBLING IN PAIN" ," BEGAN TO REEL" MEANS HE WAS GOING TO SUFFER CLEAR DEFEAT BY KARNA THAT'S WHY WITH FEAR OF DEFEAT HE KILLED WEAPONLESS KARNA FROM BEHIND AGAINST ALL THE RULES OF WAR.

    KARNA WAS THE ONLY WARRIOR OF HISTORY WHO GOT "VICTORY OVER DEATH" THAT'S WHY HE WAS KNOWN AS "MRUTYUNJAYA"....

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